Autonomy is defined as the state of independence and self-determination. This means that someone is autonomous or self-dependent or self-determined if he or she can decide for himself within a prevailing possibility, and is aware of what he does and what could happen to him. So Autonomy means freedom of one's will and one's own actions. The capability to have self-determination is essential for our mental health and our well-being. So people should respect each other's autonomy as normal and regard it as a self-evidently moral obligation.
However, often our autonomy is limited not only by external circumstances or external constraints, but also by the fact that we act habitually or automatically in certain situations. Automatic and habitual action is as a matter of principle very helpful and relieving. If we would have to think through, exactly plan and control everything we do during the day that would be quite cumbersome, slow, exhausting and tiresome. We would probably be incapable of acting right. Our habits relieve us of this difficult task. They make our lives easier and help us survive in our daily lives. Habits are basically very helpful in.
But sometimes habits hinder us to do what we would really like to do or to achieve the goals that we would actually like to achieve. For example, if someone has a habit of washing down his problems with a drink, as a matter of fact that wouldn’t help with changing the cause of the problems. If a person has the habit of not being active, his fitness and health worsen and the risk of falls or accidents increases. If someone hardly maintains or keeps contacts as a habit, he will sooner or later adjust his feelings of loneliness and the feeling of being abandoned will cease. Or if someone has a habit of seeing mainly the negative side in everything that happens, the person will effectively avoid the fact that he feels satisfied or happy.
Exactly this point is where Self-management sets in. The term self- management describes the actions and thoughts as well as the techniques and strategies that helps
On the following pages of our health course you will find some basic self-management techniques that can help you to change the things that you want to change successfully. Successful self-management actually runs mostly in several steps.
This targeted, step-by-step approach is often referred to as “problem-solving”. More information can be found on the "problem-solving" page“.
Sometimes it is also difficult to decide for or against one of the other possibilities. The decision is therefore postponed and the longer the decision is postponed, the more difficult it becomes to ultimately make the right decision. You will find a tool regarding making best decisions on the page “Decision Making”.
However, the crucial key to a successful self-management is often that you manage to actually implement your ideas and plans into practice. In this case short-term "action plans" can help you.